SOCIAL WORK IN DENMARK 1790-2003 – A BRIEF HISTORY
Introduction – Welfare functions and social work.
This brief history of Social Work in Denmark throughout more than 200 years is a bit anachronistic: activities today being called Social Work will be traced back in time – whereby the activities of that time will be described and understood in the context of today.
This brief history of Social Work has a functional approach: it will be describe how social work has been done with the purpose of influencing individuals’ relations to society. Social Work is normally initiated in order to improve the welfare of a person or group of persons, who lives in poor conditions – which conditions should be improved by the social work.
The welfare of a person can be analysed under four aspects or four welfare functions. If the person’s needs are not being met on one or more of these aspects, we often say: he or she is poor:
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